Trade is critical to food security and the ability to trade in food is central to the livelihoods of many of the world’s rural poor. As the most important international standard-setting body in the area of food safety, the Codex Alimentarius plays a crucial role in protecting the health of the consumers enabling trade in agricultural products. This activity benefits both producers and consumers. One of its most important responsibilities is Codex’s role in setting international pesticide maximum residue limits (MRLs).

Given the importance of global trade and the significance of MRLs in facilitating trade, the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) plays a critical role in determining economic outcomes for all stakeholders that depend on trade flows. Enabling Codex to perform its role more effectively and efficiently by addressing current capacity challenges, embracing new scientific and administrative methods of evaluation, and ensuring adequate resources are available, is essential to supporting global food security and trade. Delays in the establishment of MRLs and the resulting lack of national/international harmonization have important consequences for market access, productivity and farmer livelihoods, contributing to a poorer and hungrier world.  

A coalition of farmer and business groups was established in 2016 in the context of the International Year of Pulses (IYP 2016) to advocate for an improved and more efficient Codex process on MRLs, with a focus on the functioning of JMPR and CCPR. In 2018, members of IAFN collaborated to produce a case studies booklet specifically about the impact of MRL compliance requirements on smallholder farmers. 


pdf Case Studies on Missing MRLs (828 KB) pdf IAFN Position paper on Codex Reform Coalition (85 KB) pdf Coalition – Mission and Principles (175 KB)

Current Members of the Coalition for an Enhanced Codex include:

  1. Canada Grains Council 
  2. Canadian Canola Growers Association
  3. The Coca-Cola Company
  4. CropLife International
  5. European Coffee Federation
  6. FoodDrinkEurope on behalf of Federation of Cocoa Commerce and CAOBisco
  7. Global Dairy Platform (GDP)
  8. Global Farmer Network
  9. Global Pulse Confederation (GPC)
  10. Grain and Feed Trade Association (GAFTA)
  11. HealthforAnimals
  12. Himalayan Apple Growers Society (HAGS)
  13. International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), member of the CGIAR
  14. International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
  15. International Citrus Growers
  16. International Fertilizer Association (IFA)
  17. International Food and Beverage Alliance (IFBA)
  18. International Grain Trade Coalition (IGTC) 
  19. International Organization of Spice Trade Associations (IOSTA)
  20. International Seed Federation (ISF)
  21. International Trade Center (affiliated with WTO and UNCTAD)
  22. Inter-American Insitute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA)
  23. Iran Pistachio Association (IPA)
  24. Minor Crop Farmers Alliance (MCFA)
  25. PepsiCo
  26. Rural Women in Agriculture
  27. Tea Association of Canada
  28. U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC)
  29. U.S Sustainability Alliance
  30. World Spices Organisation


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